Recent Publications, Talks, etc.

By Michael P. Frank, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, and students/collaborators.  In general, the most recently created or posted items are listed first.

·         Michael P. Frank, “NDCoin:  A Cryptocurrency-Based Distributed Computing Market,” ECE Graduate Seminar, presented Sep. 9th, 2014, in the Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Tallahassee, FL.  PDF of talk slides.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Decentralized Virtual Currencies:  A Very Far-Reaching Innovation (The Case for Regulatory Permissiveness),” invited talk at the Florida Office of Financial Regulation, Tallahassee, FL, July 30, 2014.  Handout of talk slides (2/page) in PDF.

·         Sathvik Palakurty (student), “NDCoin and Cryptographic Currency Application,” final paper for FSU Young Scholars Program, July 18th, 2014.  PDF.

·         Francisco Rivera and Sathvik Palakurty (students), “Distributed Consensus Technologies in Cryptocurrency Applications,” final poster for FSU Young Scholars Program, presented in Tallahassee, FL on July 17th, 2014.  Poster in PDF.

·         Francisco Rivera (student), “Distributed Consensus Technologies in Cryptocurrency Applications,” final paper for FSU Young Scholars Program, July 15th, 2014.  PDF.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Reversible Computing:  A Cross-Disciplinary Introduction,” invited talk presented remotely to the Beyond Moore Research Challenge meeting, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, March 10th, 2014.  Slides in PowerPoint, PDF.

·         David Mondrus and Michael Frank, “The Promise of Crypto (Part 2 of 2),” Bitcoin Magazine, Feb. 13, 2014.

·         Michael P. Frank and David Mondrus, “Introducing NDcoin:  A Cryptocoin-Based Concept for Incentivized, Distributed Nondeterministic Computation,” draft whitepaper, Feb. 1st, 2014.  PDF at

·         Luke Muehlhauser and Michael P. Frank, “Mike Frank on reversible computing,” interview, Machine Intelligence Research Institute, Jan. 31st, 2014.

·         (Reposted Jan. 26, 2014) Michael P. Frank and M. Josephine Ammer, “Relativized Separation of Reversible and Irreversible Space-Time Complexity Classes,” preprint of draft article submitted to Information and Computation, May 24, 2001.  PDF at

·         Michael P. Frank, “Digital Cash, Bitcoin, and the Distributed Consensus Revolution,” ECE Graduate Seminar, presented Jan. 14, 2014, in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Tallahassee, FL.  PDF of talk slides.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Why Portfolio Rebalancing Works: An Analytical Demonstration,” research memo, Dec. 21, 2013.

·         Darryl W. McGowan, Jr., David R. Grosby, Michael P. Frank, Sachin Junnarkar, and Ray H. O'Neal, Jr., “Field Programmable Gate Array based Front-End Data Acquisition Module for the COSMICi Astroparticle Telescope Sytem,” poster presented at Centenary Symposium 2012: Discovery of Cosmic Rays, Denver, CO, June 26-28, 2012.  Abstracts at:

·         Michael P. Frank, “Towards a More General Model of Reversible Logic Hardware,” invited talk presented at the Superconducting Electronics Approaching the Landauer Limit and Reversibility (SEALeR) workshop, sponsored by NSA/ARO, Annapolis, MD, Mar. 15-16, 2012.  PDF of talk slides.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Space-Efficient Quantum Computer Simulators,” invited talk presented at the Laboratory for Physical Sciences at College Park, MD (revised version of SPIE 2009 talk), Mar. 14, 2012.  PDF of talk slides.

·         For additional publications during the period 2009-2012 under my affiliation with the FAMU Physics Dept., see the COSMICi project page.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Reversible Computing and Truly Adiabatic Circuits: The Next Great Challenge for Digital Engineering,” invited talk presented at the Fifth IEEE Dallas Circuits and Systems Workshop on Design, Applications, Integration and Software (DCAS-06), held Oct. 29-30, 2006, at the University of Texas at Dallas.

o        MS PowerPoint file of presentation slides:

o        A slightly earlier version of the slide set was published in the DCAS-06 proceedings, which will be available to subscribers of IEEE Xplore.

·           Michael P. Frank and Marco Ottavi, “Energy Transfer and Recovery Efficiency of Adiabatic Charging with Various Driving Waveforms,” research memo (in progress), Sep. 26, 2006.

o        PDF file of incomplete working draft manuscript at

o        Accompanying informal research presentation, “Design and Analysis of Resonant Power-Clock Drivers for Adiabatic Logic” at

·       Sarah E. Frost-Murphy, Marco Ottavi, Michael P. Frank, and Erik P. DeBenedictis, “On the Design of Reversible QDCA SystemsSAND Report, Computation, Computers, Information and Mathematics Center (CCIM), Sandia National Laboratories, September 2006.

o        PDF file at

·         Michael P. Frank, “Addressing the Funding Gap in Energy-Efficient Computing: Research Overview and Program Management Philosophy,” talk presented to the National Science Foundation, Directorate for Computer & Information Science and Engineering, Computer & Communication Foundations (CCF) Division, July 10, 2006.

o        MS PowerPoint file of presentation slides:

·         Michael P. Frank, “Improving FLOPS/Watt by Computing Reversibly, Adiabatically, & Ballistically,” invited talk presented at the meeting on Energy and Computation: Flops/Watt and Watts/Flop, Center for Bits and Atoms, MIT,, May 10, 2006.

o        MS PowerPoint file of presentation slides:

·         Michael P. Frank, "The Reversible Computing Question:  A Crucial Challenge for Computing," invited talk presented at the Workshop on Frontiers of Extreme Computing (, Sponsors: Sandia/CSRI/Lawrence Berkeley/NSF/IBM), Santa Cruz Oct. 24-27, 2005.

o         Powerpoint file of presentation slides:

·         Michael P. Frank, "Requirements for Energy-Efficient Computing Beyond the von Neumann Limit," FAMU-FSU College of Engineering ECE Department Graduate Seminar, Oct. 20, 2005

o        Powerpoint file of presentation slides:

·          Michael P. Frank, "On the Interpretation of Energy as the Rate of Quantum Computation," Quantum Information Processing (Springer), 4(4):283-334, Oct. 2005. 

o        The official published version of the article can be accessed through the online journal at

o        A preprint is also available at arXiv:quant-ph/0409056, i.e.,, June 14, 2005.  See below for the original Sep. 2004 conference talk.

·         Michael P. Frank, “The Indefinite Logarithm, Logarithmic Units, and the Nature of Entropy,” research memo, June 2005.

o        Slightly newer working draft: 15, 2005.

·          I have contributed a few articles and sections of articles to Wikipedia.  Here is my user page.  

o        Wikipedia articles that I have originated include those on Physical information, Reversible computing, Indefinite logarithm, and Logarithmic units. 

o        I also wrote the etymology section of the article on Information

o        Disclaimer:  Since Wikipedia is open for anyone to edit, at any given moment these articles are not guaranteed to correspond to my original versions of them.

·         Michael P. Frank, “Approaching the Physical Limits of Computing,” invited keynote speech and paper published in ISMVL 2005, The Thirty-Fifth International Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic, 19-21 May 2005, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, sponsored by IEEE Computer Society, pp. 168-185.

o        PDF file of paper manuscript,

o        PowerPoint file of talk slides,

·         Michael P. Frank, “Introduction to Reversible Computing: Motivation, Progress, and Challenges,” invited introductory paper and talk presented at the First International Workshop on Reversible Computing (RC’05), a special session at the Computing Frontiers 2005 (CF’05) conference, sponsored by ACM SIGMicro, Ischia, Italy, May 4-6, 2005.

o        PDF file of paper manuscript,

o        PowerPoint file of talk slides,

·          Michael P. Frank, “Requirements for Practical Reversible Computing,” invited lecture, Solid State Seminar, Notre Dame, April 19, 2005.  (Host: Craig Lent)

o        PowerPoint file of talk slides,

·         Michael P. Frank, “Low Power Electronics: Exploring the Fundamental Limits of Computation,” invited videoconference lecture, Pragyaa Festival, Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vishnupuri, Nanded, India, April 3, 2005.

o        PowerPoint file of talk slides,

·         Michael P. Frank, “Reversible Computing: Its Promise and Challenges,” MARCO-FCRP/NCN Workshop on Nano-Scale Reversible Computing, hosted by the MSD (Materials, Structures, and Devices) Focus Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Feb. 14, 2005.

o        PowerPoint file of slides prepared,  Unfortunately, I was not given the chance to present my complete slide set at the meeting, although I did get the chance to participate in the discussions.

o        Position paper sent to SRC after the meeting, “Why I Believe that Reversible Computing Should be a High Priority on Our Research Agenda (Despite its Difficulties),” Feb. 22, 2005,

·         Maojiao He, Michael P. Frank, and Huikai Xie, “CMOS-MEMS Resonator as a Signal Generator for Fully-Adiabatic Logic Circuits,” invited paper presented in the MEMS I session of the Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems II conference at the SPIE International Symposium on Smart Materials, Nano-, and Micro-Smart Systems, held 12-15 Dec. 2004, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.  Published in Proceedings of SPIE, vol. #5649, paper #18.

o        PDF file of paper manuscript,

·         Michael P. Frank, “Nanocomputing Technology Requirements,” tutorial presented Nov. 23, 2004 at the IASTED International Conference on Advances in Computer Science and Technology (ACST 2004), St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.

o        PDF file of talk slides, 2 per page:

·         Michael P. Frank, “Physics as Computing,” talk presented Wed. Sep. 15, 2004 at the Quantum Computation for Physical Modeling (QCPM) Workshop, Martha’s Vineyard, MA, Sponsored by AFOSR.

o        Talk abstract:

o        Talk slides, 2 per page:

o        The accompanying paper, “Energy as ComputingarXiv:quant-ph/0409056, was first posted Sep. 9, 2004; it was revised Jan. 2, 2005 into a manuscript “Interpreting Energy as the Rate of Quantum Computation” that was submitted to Quantum Information Processing.

o        Latest working draft, “On the Interpretation of Energy as the Rate of Quantum Computation,” currently under revision for QIP,  The revised version has been accepted and published; see the entry dated October 2005 above.

·         Michael P. Frank, “The Future of Computing,” Graduate Seminar Talk, FAMU-FSU ECE Dept., Sep. 2, 2004.

o         Talk slides, 6 per page:

·         Two lectures presented at the Computing Beyond Silicon Summer School at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, July ’04.

o         “Physical Limits of Computing: A Brief Introduction

o         “Reversible Computing: A Brief Introduction

·         Michael P. Frank, "Reversibility for Efficient Computing," (unabridged revised manuscript of) Ph.D. thesis, EECS Dept., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June 1999 (revision of Dec. 1999).

o        PDF file of manuscript, with bookmarks:
[Note: Though this thesis itself is now more than 6 years old, I have just posted this new PDF of it (which was regenerated from the DVI master file using dvipdfm just now, in Jan. 2006) because my old PDF file (which still remains available through was not searchable, and lacked bookmarks (great thanks are due to Gary Wetterlin for pointing this out, and for adding the bookmarks).  This December 1999 manuscript version of the thesis includes a section reviewing some (rather far-out) general relativistic limits on information storage, as well as a (somewhat tangential) chapter on quantum computing, both of which weren't included in the "official" (i.e., MIT libraries')  version of the thesis, at my committee's request...   But personally, I always preferred this unabridged version, which is how I always wanted the thesis to look originally.  :-)]

The above list only includes items produced since July 2004 when I moved to FSU.  For a list of some earlier publications, see my reversible computing publications page from UF, and a CV from March 2004.